Identification of hydroxyl radical oxidation products of N-hexanoyl-homoserine lactone by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry.

TitleIdentification of hydroxyl radical oxidation products of N-hexanoyl-homoserine lactone by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsCui, Y, Frey, RL, Ferry, JL, Ferguson, PL
JournalRapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry : Rcm
Volume23
Start Page1212
Issue8
Pagination1212 - 1220
Date Published04/2009
Abstract

A reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray tandem mass spectrometry method was developed for the characterization of hydroxyl radical oxidation products of N-hexanoyl-homoserine lactone (C6-HSL), a member of the N-acylhomoserine lactone (AHL) class of microbial quorum-sensing signaling molecules identified in many Gram-negative strains of bacteria. Six products were identified: four with molecular weight (MW) of 213 and two with MW of 260. The characteristic product ions formed through collision-induced dissociation (CID) provided diagnostic structural information. One of the photolysis products was determined to be N-(3-oxohexanoyl)homoserine lactone (3OC6-HSL), a highly active quorum-sensing signal, by comparison with a reference standard. Three structural isomers with the same mass as 3OC6-HSL were identified as acyl side chain oxidized C6-HSL (keto/enol functionalized) by accurate mass measurement and the structures of these products were proposed from CID spectral interpretation. Two structural isomers formed from concurrent oxidation and nitration of C6-HSL were also observed and their structures were postulated based on CID spectra. In addition to the six hydroxyl radical oxidation products formed from the C6-HSL precursor, five additional compounds generated from combined oxidation and lactonolysis of C6-HSL were identified and structures were postulated.

DOI10.1002/rcm.3991
Short TitleRapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry : Rcm